Cocoa Resources

Labor, Economic, Social Conditions | Global Trade & Fair Trade | Environment | Educational Resources | History, Processing, and Basic Facts

Global Exchange Report on abusive child labor, corporate accountability, and Fair Trade
Toler, Deborah, Ph. D. & Schweisguth, Melissa A. J. D. Mark. (Ed.) October 2003. "While M&M's Smile, Child Cocoa Workers Cry." Global Exchange. (Appendices).

Get Fair Trade Resources from GX's Fair Trade store! 

Labor, Economic, and Social Conditions

Fairtrade Labeling Organizations International. Monitoring the Scope and Benefits of Fairtrade Fourth Edition Fourth Edition 2012. 

US Department of State. Cote d'Ivoire, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices. Washington, DC: US Department of State. 2012.

Fortune Magazine. Chocolate's bittersweet economy. February 15, 2008.

Payson Center for International Development and Technology Transfer Tulane University. Oversight of Public and Private Initiatives to Eliminate the Worst Forms of Child Labor in the Cocoa Sector in Code d'Ivoire and Ghana March 31, 2011.

International Institute of Tropical Agriculture. Child Labor in the Cocoa Sector of West Africa: A synthesis of findings in Cameroon, Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, and Nigeria. Croydon, UK: IITA. August 2002.

International Labor Organization. Combating Child Trafficking in West and Central Africa, World of Work. Geneva: ILO. 2001.

Wood, Brian and Blewett, Kate. Slavery, A Global Investigation. London, England: True Vision Productions.2001. [Video ] 

Global Trade and Fair Trade

Photos and stories from Nicaraguan Fair Trade cocoa farms

Fairtrade Labelling Organizations International. Fairtrade Standards for Cocoa. Bonn, Germany: FLO. 2001.

Barratt Brown, Michael. Fair Trade; Reform and Realities in the International Trading System. New Jersey: Zed Books. 1993.

Collinson, Chris and Leon, Marcelo. Economic Viability of Ethical Cocoa Trading in Ecuador. Greenwich: Natural Resources and Ethical Trade Programme, Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich. 2000.

Coote, Belinda. The Trade Trap: Poverty and the Global Commodity Markets. Oxford: Oxfam UK. 1996.

Grout, Phil. Harvest of Hope (A beautiful book on the Kuapa Kokoo Fair Trade co-op, with 72 color photographs.) 2003.

Ransom, David. The No-Nonsense Guide to Fair Trade. New Internationalist/Verso. 2001. 


Bright, Chris. Chocolate Could Bring the Forest Back. World Watch Magazine. November 2001. 

Educational Resources


Elementary School

Chocolate and Fair Trade

Global Exchange Educational Materials

Fair Trade chocolate and Ghana
Educational materials from the Dubble Chocolate Company (UK)

Lesson Plan from the Catholic Relief Services Fair Trade Initiative 

Countries where cocoa is grown

Kids and Fair Trade: Maya Arts and Crafts of Guatemala
A user friendly guide for parents and teachers of children school ages K-8 written by Marilyn Anderson

Junior High & High School

Child Labor and Education

Curriculum from the International Labor Rights Forum

Free the Slaves
Action center, on-line glossary, news, and resource documents

For more resources check out the Fair Trade Resource Network's list

History, Processing, and Basic Facts

Chicago Field Museum of Natural History Chocolate Exhibit

Dagoba Organic Chocolates

Exploratorium Chocolate Exhibit

Fair Trade Federation Resource List

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