Mexico: Presidential Elections 2000

 
 
 
Presidential Elections 2000
Summary and analyses
 

On July 2, 2000 Mexican citizens went to the polls and elected Vicente Fox Quesada of the National Action Party (PAN) as their new president -- ending 71 years of one-party rule by the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI.) While Fox's victory clearly signifies change, the challenges of social justice and reform lie ahead. With the new government may come a negotiation of new political structures and more equitable distribution of power and resources, or deepening class polarization and increased social conflict.

Voter Demographics
  Rural Urban
Fox 27.9% 48%
Labastida 49.4 33.4
Cárdenas 21.6 16.1
Camancho 0.7 0.6
Rincón 0.4 1.9

Information supplied by Alianza Cívica

  Winning by approximately 7 percentage points, Fox's support came principally from the young, urban, and well-educated. He also overwhelmingly captured the Catholic vote. Election results (in percentage of total votes) were as follows: Fox 42.52%, Labastida 36.10%, Cárdenas 16.64%, Camancho 0.55%, and Rincón 1.57%. The following tables (also in percentage of total votes) illustrate distribution of votes in various demographic segments of the population.

Who Voted For the Candidates

  Labastida Fox Cárdenas
TOTAL VOTE 35.8% 42.7% 16.5%
Men 32 47 20
Women 40 43 14
Ages 18-24 32 50 17
Ages 60 and over 42 35 22
No schooling 46 30 21
College degree 22 60 15
Government workers 37 41 19
Private-sector workers 31 53 15
Students 19 59 17
Housewives 43 41 15
Voted "for a change" 15 66 18
Voted "for the candidate" 50 28 18
Voted "for loyalty to the party" 9 8 12

Source: Exit survey of 3,313 voters by Grupo Reforma newspaper chain Chronicle Graphic

Official Electoral Results

PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION
Candidate Votes in favor Percent of total voting
Vicente Fox Quesada (PAN-PVEM) 15,988,740 42.52
Francisco Labastida Ochoa (PRI) 13,576,385 36.10
Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas Solórzano (PRD et al) 6,259,048 16.64
Gilberto Rincón Gallardo (DS) 592,075 1.57
Manuel Camacho Solís (PCD) 208,261 0.55
Porfirio Muñoz Ledo (PARM) 157,119 0.42
DEPUTIES
Coalition/Party Total Deputies
Alianza por el Cambio (PAN-PVEM) 223 (208 PAN; 15 Green Party)
PRI 209  
Alianza por México (PRD-PT-PAS-PSN-CD) 68 (53 PRD; 9 PT; 2 PAS; 2 PSN; 2 CD)
SENATORS
Coalition/Party Total Senators
Alianza por el Cambio (PAN-PVEM) 51 (46 PAN; 5 Green Party)
PRI 60  
Alianza por México (PRD-PT-PAS-PSN-CD) 17 (15 PRD; 1 PT; 1 CD)


In other elections July 2, the PAN gained legislative ground in the lower house of congress (Chamber of Deputies.) Though lacking an overall majority, the PAN displaced the PRI as the largest party in congress. The PAN now controls 224 seats to 209 for the PRI and 67 for the PRD.

The PRD maintained control of Mexico's second most powerful post -- the mayor of Mexico City (first won by Cárdenas in 1997.) Andrés Manuel López Obrador won handily over the PRI's Silva-Herzog and Santiago Creel of the PAN.


Global Exchange's Presidential Election Observation Delegations